1. Great podcast, Larry and Zac! I may have to accept your implicit challenge (ie, you re-read it once yearly) and read it again myself. The discussion of the universal call to holiness made me think of the famous quote of Leon Bloy (early 20th cent Frenchman as well) I paraphrase: “The only real tragedy in life is not to become a saint”. Thanks for the concise definition of “contractual Catholicism”. Thanks also for mentioning R. Girard and mimetic theory. Looking forward to future installments, stay healthy!


  2. “The Church is really bad at deals”.

    Indeed, Dr Chapp. The sooner the Vatican bureaucrats realise that the better, I would think.


  3. Your discussion of how to translate the priest’s last words was interesting. Every translator is making decisions based on several considerations, e.g.: What does this mean literally? What does it mean in effect? What would people in the target language actually say? Literally, “Tout est grâce” means “All (everything) is grace” but “Grace is everywhere” is a good translation on the principle of dynamic equivalency, which remains a useful concept despite the fact that ICEL gave it a bad name. (If everything is grace you will, in fact, find grace everywhere, so in a sense they mean the same thing….although you could argue the translator has shifted the emphasis from what grace is to where it’s found, and you may or may not approve.) I don’t work professionally from French but if asked to translate “Qu’est-ce que cela fait? Tout est grâce” in the context of the story, I’d go for “What does it matter? It’s all grace.”

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  4. All is grace. Grace is everywhere. Yes. God is simple. As a normal matter of speech we tend to separate God from His grace. This depersonalizes Him. It makes Him distant, as if He is just giving us something He has. The unconscious mindset can be that contractualism you mention, i.e., God gives me stuff if I do the right thing. Rather, God does not give us merely his grace, He gives us His very self. His love is so pure, so perfect, so complete that He does not settle to give us just some of His power or some help, but His very self. All is love. Love is everywhere. We don’t encounter just the “grace” of God, but God Himself, which is Love.

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